NT281 How We Got the New Testament

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In this course, Dr. Mike Heiser explains the story of how we got the New Testament—he guides you from the process of inspiration to the discovery and transmission of manuscripts. Dr. Heiser describes the role of scribes throughout time and discusses significant Greek New Testament manuscripts upon which modern translations are based. Because most students of the Bible read it in their own language, he also examines translation philosophies and controversies.

Introduction

Introducing the Speaker and the Course
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Introducing the Speaker and the Course

1m

Preliminary Issues

What Is the New Testament?
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What Is the New Testament?

2m
The Term “New Testament”
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The Term “New Testament”

2m
Exploring “Covenant” Using the Topic Guide
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Exploring “Covenant” Using the Topic Guide

8m
The Scope of the New Testament
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The Scope of the New Testament

1m
Number of New Testament Books
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Number of New Testament Books

2m
Order and Structure of New Testament Books
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Order and Structure of New Testament Books

2m
Titles of New Testament Books
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Titles of New Testament Books

2m
The Authority of the Testaments
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The Authority of the Testaments

3m
Creating a Custom Guide to Study 2 Timothy 3:16
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Creating a Custom Guide to Study 2 Timothy 3:16

7m
Road Map for this Course
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Road Map for this Course

2m

Inspiration

Two Sides to Inspiration
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Two Sides to Inspiration

3m
Flawed Conception of Inspiration
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Flawed Conception of Inspiration

5m
Coherent Conception: Major Verses
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Coherent Conception: Major Verses

6m
Coherent Conception: Textual Phenomena
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Coherent Conception: Textual Phenomena

5m

The Composition of the New Testament Books

Preview
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Preview

1m
Researching Important Dates with the Timeline Tool
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Researching Important Dates with the Timeline Tool

3m
The Language of the New Testament
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The Language of the New Testament

2m
Defining “Autograph”
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Defining “Autograph”

3m
Producing Documents in a Graeco-Roman World
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Producing Documents in a Graeco-Roman World

6m
Understanding Technical Terms
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Understanding Technical Terms

6m
Amanuenses
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Amanuenses

5m
Use of External Source Material
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Use of External Source Material

3m
Exploring Ancient Texts Relevant to the Text of the New Testament
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Exploring Ancient Texts Relevant to the Text of the New Testament

6m
Literary Intent and Occasion
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Literary Intent and Occasion

5m

Canonical Recognition of the New Testament Books

Concept of Canon
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Concept of Canon

2m
Early Development
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Early Development

7m
The Impact of Canon on Copying and Transmission
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The Impact of Canon on Copying and Transmission

3m

Manuscripts of the New Testament

The Copying Enterprise
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The Copying Enterprise

4m
The Innovation of the Codex
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The Innovation of the Codex

4m
Manuscript Types and Discoveries
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Manuscript Types and Discoveries

3m
Papyri
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Papyri

4m
Uncials and Sinaiticus
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Uncials and Sinaiticus

5m
Using Textual Apparatuses in Logos
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Using Textual Apparatuses in Logos

6m
Uncials: Alexandrinus
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Uncials: Alexandrinus

2m
Viewing Codex Sinaiticus in Logos
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Viewing Codex Sinaiticus in Logos

5m
Uncials: Vaticanus
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Uncials: Vaticanus

1m
Uncials: Codex Bezae
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Uncials: Codex Bezae

2m
Minuscules
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Minuscules

2m
Lectionaries
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Lectionaries

2m
Quotations from the Fathers
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Quotations from the Fathers

2m
Searching for New Testament Citations in the Early Church Fathers
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Searching for New Testament Citations in the Early Church Fathers

5m
Early Versions of the New Testament
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Early Versions of the New Testament

3m
Archaeological Factors in Dating Manuscripts
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Archaeological Factors in Dating Manuscripts

2m
Dating and the Forms of Manuscripts
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Dating and the Forms of Manuscripts

1m
Dating and Paleography
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Dating and Paleography

3m
Carbon-14 Dating
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Carbon-14 Dating

1m
Manuscript Families
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Manuscript Families

3m
Alexandrian Family
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Alexandrian Family

2m
Byzantine Family
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Byzantine Family

2m

The History of the Text’s Transmission

The Early Centuries (1st–4th)
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The Early Centuries (1st–4th)

3m
The Byzantine Era (400–1516)
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The Byzantine Era (400–1516)

4m
The “Received Text” (1516–1633)
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The “Received Text” (1516–1633)

4m
Erasmus’ First Edition (1516)
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Erasmus’ First Edition (1516)

2m
Erasmus’ First and Third Editions
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Erasmus’ First and Third Editions

4m
Later Editions of Erasmus’ Text
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Later Editions of Erasmus’ Text

3m
The Period of Critical Research (1633–1881)
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The Period of Critical Research (1633–1881)

4m
Important Scholarly Work
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Important Scholarly Work

4m
Westcott and Hort
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Westcott and Hort

6m
Positive Reaction to Westcott and Hort
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Positive Reaction to Westcott and Hort

2m
Negative Reaction to Westcott and Hort
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Negative Reaction to Westcott and Hort

2m
H. von Soden’s Text (1913)
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H. von Soden’s Text (1913)

1m
Eberhard Nestle (1898–1963)
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Eberhard Nestle (1898–1963)

2m
UBS First Edition
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UBS First Edition

2m
UBS Third Edition and Nestle-Aland Edition
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UBS Third Edition and Nestle-Aland Edition

3m
Modern Majority Text Editions
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Modern Majority Text Editions

1m
SBL Greek New Testament
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SBL Greek New Testament

2m
Comparing Major Editions of the Greek New Testament
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Comparing Major Editions of the Greek New Testament

4m

The Impact of Textual History

Pre-20th Century
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Pre-20th Century

6m
Evaluating Modern Translations
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Evaluating Modern Translations

3m
The American Standard Version
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The American Standard Version

1m
The Revised Standard Version
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The Revised Standard Version

2m
The New American Standard Bible
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The New American Standard Bible

2m
The New International Version
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The New International Version

2m
The New King James Version
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The New King James Version

2m
The New Revised Standard Version
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The New Revised Standard Version

2m
The New English Translation
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The New English Translation

1m
The English Standard Version
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The English Standard Version

2m

Textual Criticism of the New Testament

Preview of the Process
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Preview of the Process

2m
Determining Variants
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Determining Variants

1m
Gathering Evidence: The Specialist
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Gathering Evidence: The Specialist

1m
Gathering Evidence: The Nonspecialist
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Gathering Evidence: The Nonspecialist

1m
Using Digital Tools for Conducting Text-Critical Research
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Using Digital Tools for Conducting Text-Critical Research

6m
Evaluating Evidence: Types of Variants
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Evaluating Evidence: Types of Variants

1m
Unintentional Variants: Word Division
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Unintentional Variants: Word Division

2m
Unintentional Variants: Letter Confusion
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Unintentional Variants: Letter Confusion

1m
Unintentional Variants: Eye Skipping
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Unintentional Variants: Eye Skipping

2m
Unintentional Variants: Haplography
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Unintentional Variants: Haplography

1m
Unintentional Variants: Dittography
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Unintentional Variants: Dittography

1m
Unintentional Variants: Transposition
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Unintentional Variants: Transposition

1m
Unintentional Variants: Faulty Hearing
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Unintentional Variants: Faulty Hearing

2m
Intentional Variants: Clarifying the Text
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Intentional Variants: Clarifying the Text

2m
Intentional Variants: Conflation
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Intentional Variants: Conflation

2m
Intentional Variants: Harmonization and Smoothing
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Intentional Variants: Harmonization and Smoothing

1m
Evaluating Variants
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Evaluating Variants

1m
Evaluating Variants: Internal Considerations
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Evaluating Variants: Internal Considerations

2m
Evaluating Variants: External Considerations
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Evaluating Variants: External Considerations

2m
Evaluating Variants: Logical Considerations
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Evaluating Variants: Logical Considerations

2m
Investigating the “Johannine Comma” with Various Tools
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Investigating the “Johannine Comma” with Various Tools

4m
Textual Criticism, Inspiration, and Inerrancy
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Textual Criticism, Inspiration, and Inerrancy

2m

The “King James Only” Controversy

Preview of the Issue
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Preview of the Issue

2m
The Merit Argument
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The Merit Argument

2m
The Providence Argument
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The Providence Argument

2m
The Satanic Argument
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The Satanic Argument

1m
The Heresy Argument
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The Heresy Argument

5m
A Personal Note
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A Personal Note

1m

Conclusion

Course Summary
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Course Summary

1m