OT317 Book Study: Judges

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View background information and a clear exposition of Judges demonstrating its relevance to a modern setting. Pastors and teachers will benefit from lessons on the consequence of apostasy, deliverance, and the character of each Judge. Professors and students will appreciate a scholarly focus on the literary context in which Israel’s spiritual and moral disintegration took place. God rescuing Israel through the Judges is presented in an intellectually enriching and a highly accessible format that will transform your study and deepen understanding.

Introduction to the Book

Introducing the Speaker and the Course

Introducing the Speaker and the Course

1m
Considering the Title “Judges”

Considering the Title “Judges”

3m
The Date of Judges

The Date of Judges

6m
The Purpose of the Book

The Purpose of the Book

5m
The History of Interpretation

The History of Interpretation

9m
How to Read Judges

How to Read Judges

5m
Extrabiblical Sources

Extrabiblical Sources

5m
Historical and Religious Issues

Historical and Religious Issues

14m

The Canaanization of Israel: Background (Judg 1:1–36)

Read as Great Literature

Read as Great Literature

5m
Background and Purpose of Judges 1

Background and Purpose of Judges 1

5m
Overview: The Report of Israel’s Performance (Judg 1:12–36)

Overview: The Report of Israel’s Performance (Judg 1:12–36)

8m
Introduction to the Book (Judg 1:1–2)

Introduction to the Book (Judg 1:1–2)

5m
The Successes of Judah (Judg 1:3–20)

The Successes of Judah (Judg 1:3–20)

3m
Adoni-Bezek

Adoni-Bezek

6m
Jerusalem and the Upland Campaign (Judg 1:4–8)

Jerusalem and the Upland Campaign (Judg 1:4–8)

5m
Conquest of Hebron (Judg 1:10)

Conquest of Hebron (Judg 1:10)

4m
Conquest of Debir (Judg 1:11–15)

Conquest of Debir (Judg 1:11–15)

3m
Caleb and Acsah (Judg 1:11–15)

Caleb and Acsah (Judg 1:11–15)

6m
Settling in Arad (Judg 1:16)

Settling in Arad (Judg 1:16)

2m
Sacking of Hormah (Judg 1:17)

Sacking of Hormah (Judg 1:17)

1m
The Southwest Coastal Lowlands (Judg 1:18)

The Southwest Coastal Lowlands (Judg 1:18)

1m
Summary of Judah’s Campaigns (Judg 1:19–20)

Summary of Judah’s Campaigns (Judg 1:19–20)

2m
The Remaining Tribes (Judg 1:21–29)

The Remaining Tribes (Judg 1:21–29)

4m

What’s Wrong in Israel (Judg 2:1–3:6)

The Northern Tribes (Judg 1:30–36)

The Northern Tribes (Judg 1:30–36)

4m
Overview of Judges 2

Overview of Judges 2

2m
The Structure of Judges 2

The Structure of Judges 2

2m
The Envoy of YHWH and the People’s Response (Judg 2:1–5)

The Envoy of YHWH and the People’s Response (Judg 2:1–5)

7m
Interpretations of Israel’s Behavior (Judg 2:1–20a)

Interpretations of Israel’s Behavior (Judg 2:1–20a)

3m
The Roots of Israel’s Apostasy (Judg 2:6–10)

The Roots of Israel’s Apostasy (Judg 2:6–10)

2m
The Expression of Apostasy (Judg 2:11–13)

The Expression of Apostasy (Judg 2:11–13)

5m
God’s Reaction to Israel’s Apostasy (Judg 2:14–20a)

God’s Reaction to Israel’s Apostasy (Judg 2:14–20a)

6m
God’s Interpretation of Israel’s Behavior (Judg 2:20b–22)

God’s Interpretation of Israel’s Behavior (Judg 2:20b–22)

3m
Consequences of Apostasy

Consequences of Apostasy

3m

Introduction to the Book of Deliverers (Judg 3:7–31)

More about Domestic Consequences of Apostasy (Judg 3:1–6)

More about Domestic Consequences of Apostasy (Judg 3:1–6)

6m
Structure of Deliverer Accounts

Structure of Deliverer Accounts

4m
Preliminary Observations (Judg 3–16)

Preliminary Observations (Judg 3–16)

5m
Othniel and Aram-Naharaim: A Paradigmatic Account (Judg 3:7–11)

Othniel and Aram-Naharaim: A Paradigmatic Account (Judg 3:7–11)

8m
Ehud and Moab (Judg 3:12–30)

Ehud and Moab (Judg 3:12–30)

8m
Ehud’s Left-Handedness

Ehud’s Left-Handedness

5m
Ehud’s Preparation

Ehud’s Preparation

3m
Ehud’s Deliverance of Israel

Ehud’s Deliverance of Israel

9m
Ehud: Theological and Practical Implications

Ehud: Theological and Practical Implications

3m

Barak and the Canaanites (Judg 4–5)

Shamgar the Judge (Judg 3:31)

Shamgar the Judge (Judg 3:31)

7m
Literary Observations on the Barak Cycle

Literary Observations on the Barak Cycle

3m
Structure of Judges 4–5

Structure of Judges 4–5

6m
Jabin and Sisera

Jabin and Sisera

4m
The Oppression of Sisera (Judg 4:1–3)

The Oppression of Sisera (Judg 4:1–3)

4m
God Raises a Deliverer (Judg 4:4–10)

God Raises a Deliverer (Judg 4:4–10)

6m
Who Was Deborah?

Who Was Deborah?

8m
Deborah’s Role in Israel (Judg 4:4–5)

Deborah’s Role in Israel (Judg 4:4–5)

7m
Deborah and Barak (Judg 4:6–9)

Deborah and Barak (Judg 4:6–9)

8m
Summary of Events in Judges 4

Summary of Events in Judges 4

1m
Barak’s Victory (Judg 4:11–22)

Barak’s Victory (Judg 4:11–22)

2m
The Battle’s End (Judg 4:15–22)

The Battle’s End (Judg 4:15–22)

8m
Jael the Assassin (Judg 4:17–22)

Jael the Assassin (Judg 4:17–22)

3m

Celebrating the Victory (Judg 5:1–31)

Evaluating Barak and Jael

Evaluating Barak and Jael

6m
Song of Celebration

Song of Celebration

2m
Ancient Near Eastern Victory Hymns

Ancient Near Eastern Victory Hymns

5m
Authorship of the Song

Authorship of the Song

4m
The Historical Representation of Israel in Judges 5

The Historical Representation of Israel in Judges 5

4m
The Purpose of Judges 5

The Purpose of Judges 5

3m
Reading the Hymn, Part 1 (Judg 5:1–27)

Reading the Hymn, Part 1 (Judg 5:1–27)

8m
Reading the Hymn, Part 2 (Judg 5:28–31)

Reading the Hymn, Part 2 (Judg 5:28–31)

4m
Chariots and Sun Gods

Chariots and Sun Gods

4m

The Gideon Cycle: Overview and Early Events (Judg 6–9)

Theological and Practical Implications of Judges 5

Theological and Practical Implications of Judges 5

5m
Overview of the Gideon Cycle

Overview of the Gideon Cycle

5m
Oppression in the Gideon Cycle (Judg 6:1–5)

Oppression in the Gideon Cycle (Judg 6:1–5)

4m
The Prophet’s Message (Judg 6:7–10)

The Prophet’s Message (Judg 6:7–10)

5m
Gideon’s Call (Judg 6:11–24)

Gideon’s Call (Judg 6:11–24)

10m
Gideon Cleans House (Judg 6:25–32)

Gideon Cleans House (Judg 6:25–32)

6m
Gideon’s Piety

Gideon’s Piety

8m

Gideon’s Big Test (Judg 6:33–8:3)

Gideon’s Problems

Gideon’s Problems

6m
Preparing for Battle and Second-Guessing

Preparing for Battle and Second-Guessing

5m
Reducing the Troops (Judg 7:1–8)

Reducing the Troops (Judg 7:1–8)

6m
Gideon’s Third Thoughts (Judg 7:9–15)

Gideon’s Third Thoughts (Judg 7:9–15)

4m
An Unlikely Battle Plan (Judg 7:16–23)

An Unlikely Battle Plan (Judg 7:16–23)

4m
After the Battle (Judg 7:24–25)

After the Battle (Judg 7:24–25)

2m

Aftermath of Battle (Judg 8:4–28)

Postscript of the Battle (Judg 8:1–3)

Postscript of the Battle (Judg 8:1–3)

6m
Structure and Themes of the Section

Structure and Themes of the Section

3m
Gideon and the Succothites (Judg 8:4–9)

Gideon and the Succothites (Judg 8:4–9)

3m
Capture and Cruelty (Judg 8:10–17)

Capture and Cruelty (Judg 8:10–17)

3m
Gideon’s Personal Vendetta (Judg 8:18–21)

Gideon’s Personal Vendetta (Judg 8:18–21)

5m
Gideon Becomes a Problem (Judg 8:22–27)

Gideon Becomes a Problem (Judg 8:22–27)

9m

Gideon’s Legacy (Judg 8:28–35)

Gideon’s Legacy

Gideon’s Legacy

4m
Personal and Spiritual Legacy

Personal and Spiritual Legacy

6m
Marks of Israel’s Spiritual Decline

Marks of Israel’s Spiritual Decline

3m

Gideon’s Dynastic Legacy: Abimelech (Judg 9:1–57)

Theological Significance of the Gideon Narrative

Theological Significance of the Gideon Narrative

8m
Overview of the Abimelech Account

Overview of the Abimelech Account

5m
Abimelech Seizes the Throne (Judg 9:1–6)

Abimelech Seizes the Throne (Judg 9:1–6)

5m
Jotham’s Preamble (Judg 9:7)

Jotham’s Preamble (Judg 9:7)

2m
Jotham’s Fable (Judg 9:8–15)

Jotham’s Fable (Judg 9:8–15)

4m
The Evil Spirit (Judg 9:22–25)

The Evil Spirit (Judg 9:22–25)

7m
Conspiracy of Gaal (Judg 9:26–29)

Conspiracy of Gaal (Judg 9:26–29)

4m
Defeat of Shechem (Judg 9:42–49)

Defeat of Shechem (Judg 9:42–49)

3m
Death of Abimelech (Judg 9:50–55)

Death of Abimelech (Judg 9:50–55)

4m

The Minor Governors (Judg 10:1–5)

The Epilogue (Judg 9:56–57)

The Epilogue (Judg 9:56–57)

1m
The Significance of the Minor Governors

The Significance of the Minor Governors

8m

Jephthah (Judg 10:6–12:7)

Five Minor Judges (Judg 10:1–5)

Five Minor Judges (Judg 10:1–5)

6m
Overview of the Jephthah Account

Overview of the Jephthah Account

6m
Connections with Earlier Judges

Connections with Earlier Judges

6m
Israel’s Canaanization and God’s Anger (Judg 10:6–9)

Israel’s Canaanization and God’s Anger (Judg 10:6–9)

5m
Israel’s Cry and God’s Response (Judg 10:10–14)

Israel’s Cry and God’s Response (Judg 10:10–14)

4m
The People’s Response (Judg 10:15–16)

The People’s Response (Judg 10:15–16)

7m
Israel’s Agent of Deliverance (Judg 10:17–18)

Israel’s Agent of Deliverance (Judg 10:17–18)

4m
A Candidate Emerges (Judg 11:1–3)

A Candidate Emerges (Judg 11:1–3)

5m

Jephthah’s Victory and Vow (Judg 11:12–12:7)

Jephthah’s Response (Judg 11:4–11)

Jephthah’s Response (Judg 11:4–11)

4m
Negotiations (Judg 11:12–28)

Negotiations (Judg 11:12–28)

4m
Jephthah’s Masterful Speech (Judg 11:14–28)

Jephthah’s Masterful Speech (Judg 11:14–28)

9m
Tarnished Victory (Judg 11:29–33)

Tarnished Victory (Judg 11:29–33)

8m
Jephthah’s Vow (Judg 11:30–31)

Jephthah’s Vow (Judg 11:30–31)

4m
Ancient Child Sacrifice

Ancient Child Sacrifice

4m
Joy and Tragedy (Judg 11:34–35)

Joy and Tragedy (Judg 11:34–35)

4m
A Daughter’s Honor (Judg 11:36–40)

A Daughter’s Honor (Judg 11:36–40)

8m
A Closer Look at Jephthah’s Vow

A Closer Look at Jephthah’s Vow

8m
Negotiations with Ephraim (Judg 12:1–3)

Negotiations with Ephraim (Judg 12:1–3)

6m
Civil War (Judg 12:4–7)

Civil War (Judg 12:4–7)

8m
Considering Jephthah and Israel

Considering Jephthah and Israel

5m

Samson and the Philistines (Judg 13:1–16:31)

Concluding Thoughts about the Jephthah Cycle

Concluding Thoughts about the Jephthah Cycle

6m
The Paradigm Breaks Down

The Paradigm Breaks Down

5m
The Structure of the Samson Cycle

The Structure of the Samson Cycle

5m
The Philistines (Judg 13:1)

The Philistines (Judg 13:1)

8m
Birth and Call Narrative (Judg 13:2–24)

Birth and Call Narrative (Judg 13:2–24)

11m
Manoah’s Wife and the Nazirite Vow (Judg 13:2–5)

Manoah’s Wife and the Nazirite Vow (Judg 13:2–5)

11m
The Wife’s Report (Judg 13:6–7)

The Wife’s Report (Judg 13:6–7)

3m
Manoah’s Three Exchanges (Judg 13:8–16)

Manoah’s Three Exchanges (Judg 13:8–16)

6m
Third and Fourth Exchanges (Judg 13:17–19)

Third and Fourth Exchanges (Judg 13:17–19)

6m
Two Responses to Wonder (Judg 13:20–23)

Two Responses to Wonder (Judg 13:20–23)

4m
The Promise Fulfilled (Judg 13:24)

The Promise Fulfilled (Judg 13:24)

7m

Samson’s Marriage (Judg 13:25–14:20)

Summary of Judges 13

Summary of Judges 13

4m
Overview of the Story of Samson’s Marriage

Overview of the Story of Samson’s Marriage

8m
A Lion and a Wife (Judg 13:25–14:10a)

A Lion and a Wife (Judg 13:25–14:10a)

11m
Wedding Preparations (Judg 14:10b–11)

Wedding Preparations (Judg 14:10b–11)

7m
Samson’s Riddle (Judg 14:12–14)

Samson’s Riddle (Judg 14:12–14)

4m
The Riddle Solved (Judg 14:15–18)

The Riddle Solved (Judg 14:15–18)

3m

Samson Fights the Philistines (Judg 15)

The Theological Climax (Judg 14:19–20)

The Theological Climax (Judg 14:19–20)

6m
Overview and Introduction to Judges 15

Overview and Introduction to Judges 15

4m
Fiery Jackals (Judg 15:4–5)

Fiery Jackals (Judg 15:4–5)

3m
Samson’s Philistine Ethic (Judg 15:6–13)

Samson’s Philistine Ethic (Judg 15:6–13)

6m
A Deadly Jawbone (Judg 15:14–15)

A Deadly Jawbone (Judg 15:14–15)

2m
Celebration and Thirst (Judg 15:16–19a)

Celebration and Thirst (Judg 15:16–19a)

6m

Samson in Gaza (Judg 16)

Samson’s Selfishness (Judg 15:19b–20)

Samson’s Selfishness (Judg 15:19b–20)

4m
Overview of Judges 16

Overview of Judges 16

3m
Key Questions (Judg 16:1–3)

Key Questions (Judg 16:1–3)

6m
Purpose of the Narrative Fragment (Judg 16:1–3)

Purpose of the Narrative Fragment (Judg 16:1–3)

2m
Key Themes (Judg 16:1–31)

Key Themes (Judg 16:1–31)

4m
The Sorek Valley (Judg 16:4–5)

The Sorek Valley (Judg 16:4–5)

3m
Delilah (Judg 16:4–5)

Delilah (Judg 16:4–5)

4m
Delilah’s First Attempt (Judg 16:6–9)

Delilah’s First Attempt (Judg 16:6–9)

3m
Delilah’s Further Attempts (Judg 16:10–16)

Delilah’s Further Attempts (Judg 16:10–16)

3m
The Betrayal (Judg 16:17–20)

The Betrayal (Judg 16:17–20)

3m
The Tragic Climax (Judg 16:20–22)

The Tragic Climax (Judg 16:20–22)

3m
A Hair of Hope (Judg 16:22)

A Hair of Hope (Judg 16:22)

4m
In Praise of Dagon (Judg 16:23–24)

In Praise of Dagon (Judg 16:23–24)

5m
The Philistines’ Song of Praise (Judg 16:24)

The Philistines’ Song of Praise (Judg 16:24)

3m
Samson’s Final Prayer (Judg 16:25–28)

Samson’s Final Prayer (Judg 16:25–28)

8m
The Last Act (Judg 16:29–31)

The Last Act (Judg 16:29–31)

6m

The Climax of the Book (Judg 17–21)

Theological and Practical Implications of the Samson Cycle

Theological and Practical Implications of the Samson Cycle

5m
Overview of the Book’s Climax

Overview of the Book’s Climax

8m
Absence of a King (Judg 17:6)

Absence of a King (Judg 17:6)

6m
Corruption of a Household (Judg 17:1–6)

Corruption of a Household (Judg 17:1–6)

13m
Corruption of the Priesthood (Judg 17:7–8)

Corruption of the Priesthood (Judg 17:7–8)

9m

The Danite Mission (Judg 18)

A Conversation between Micah and the Levite (Judg 17:8–13)

A Conversation between Micah and the Levite (Judg 17:8–13)

6m
Overview of Judges 18

Overview of Judges 18

4m
A Parody of Sorts (Judg 18:1)

A Parody of Sorts (Judg 18:1)

4m
Good Questions, Bad Answers (Judg 18:2–3)

Good Questions, Bad Answers (Judg 18:2–3)

8m
Requesting an Oracle (Judg 18:4–6)

Requesting an Oracle (Judg 18:4–6)

8m
Peaceful Laish (Judg 18:7–10)

Peaceful Laish (Judg 18:7–10)

5m
On the March (Judg 18:11–20)

On the March (Judg 18:11–20)

10m
Micah’s Empty Protest (Judg 18:21–26)

Micah’s Empty Protest (Judg 18:21–26)

6m

A Levite’s Misstep (Judg 19:1–28)

The New Cult (Judg 18:27–31)

The New Cult (Judg 18:27–31)

15m
Overview of Judges 19–21

Overview of Judges 19–21

6m
Anonymity and Absence in Judges 19–21

Anonymity and Absence in Judges 19–21

5m
Principal Characters (Judg 19:1–9)

Principal Characters (Judg 19:1–9)

7m
Setting the Stage (Judg 19:10–15)

Setting the Stage (Judg 19:10–15)

7m
Social Outrage (Judg 19:16–21)

Social Outrage (Judg 19:16–21)

7m
Moral Outrage (Judg 19:22–23)

Moral Outrage (Judg 19:22–23)

5m
The Gang Rape (Judg 19:24–26)

The Gang Rape (Judg 19:24–26)

7m
The Journey Home (Judg 19:27–28)

The Journey Home (Judg 19:27–28)

5m

Civil War in Israel (Judg 19:29–20:48)

Theological and Practical Implications of Judges 19

Theological and Practical Implications of Judges 19

3m
Overview of Judges 20

Overview of Judges 20

9m
The Nation at War (Judg 20:1–7)

The Nation at War (Judg 20:1–7)

10m
Preparing for War (Judg 20:8–17)

Preparing for War (Judg 20:8–17)

5m
The Rhythm of Battle (Judg 20:18–28)

The Rhythm of Battle (Judg 20:18–28)

9m
The Final Battle (Judg 20:29–48)

The Final Battle (Judg 20:29–48)

10m

Saving Benjamin (Judg 21)

Theological and Practical Implications of Judges 20

Theological and Practical Implications of Judges 20

4m
Overview of Judges 21

Overview of Judges 21

6m
The Silence of God (Judg 21:3–4)

The Silence of God (Judg 21:3–4)

5m
A Legal Loophole (Judg 21:5–7)

A Legal Loophole (Judg 21:5–7)

7m
Second Holy War (Judg 21:8–11)

Second Holy War (Judg 21:8–11)

6m
An Insufficient Solution (Judg 21:12–18)

An Insufficient Solution (Judg 21:12–18)

6m
The Second Solution (Judg 21:19–22)

The Second Solution (Judg 21:19–22)

7m
Implementing the Plan (Judg 21:23–25)

Implementing the Plan (Judg 21:23–25)

4m
Social and Historical Implications of Judges 21

Social and Historical Implications of Judges 21

7m
Theological Implications of Judges 21

Theological Implications of Judges 21

9m