NT281 How We Got the New Testament

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In this course, Dr. Mike Heiser explains the story of how we got the New Testament—he guides you from the process of inspiration to the discovery and transmission of manuscripts. Dr. Heiser describes the role of scribes throughout time and discusses significant Greek New Testament manuscripts upon which modern translations are based. Because most students of the Bible read it in their own language, he also examines translation philosophies and controversies.

Preliminary Issues

Introducing the Speaker and the Course

Introducing the Speaker and the Course

1m
What Is the New Testament?

What Is the New Testament?

2m
The Term “New Testament”

The Term “New Testament”

2m
Exploring “Covenant” Using the Topic Guide

Exploring “Covenant” Using the Topic Guide

8m
The Scope of the New Testament

The Scope of the New Testament

1m
Number of New Testament Books

Number of New Testament Books

2m
Order and Structure of New Testament Books

Order and Structure of New Testament Books

2m
Titles of New Testament Books

Titles of New Testament Books

2m
The Authority of the Testaments

The Authority of the Testaments

3m
Creating a Custom Guide to Study 2 Timothy 3:16

Creating a Custom Guide to Study 2 Timothy 3:16

7m

Inspiration

Road Map for this Course

Road Map for this Course

2m
Two Sides to Inspiration

Two Sides to Inspiration

3m
Flawed Conception of Inspiration

Flawed Conception of Inspiration

5m
Coherent Conception: Major Verses

Coherent Conception: Major Verses

6m

The Composition of the New Testament Books

Coherent Conception: Textual Phenomena

Coherent Conception: Textual Phenomena

5m
Preview

Preview

1m
Researching Important Dates with the Timeline Tool

Researching Important Dates with the Timeline Tool

3m
The Language of the New Testament

The Language of the New Testament

2m
Defining “Autograph”

Defining “Autograph”

3m
Producing Documents in a Graeco-Roman World

Producing Documents in a Graeco-Roman World

6m
Understanding Technical Terms

Understanding Technical Terms

6m
Amanuenses

Amanuenses

5m
Use of External Source Material

Use of External Source Material

3m
Exploring Ancient Texts Relevant to the Text of the New Testament

Exploring Ancient Texts Relevant to the Text of the New Testament

6m

Canonical Recognition of the New Testament Books

Literary Intent and Occasion

Literary Intent and Occasion

5m
Concept of Canon

Concept of Canon

2m
Early Development

Early Development

7m

Manuscripts of the New Testament

The Impact of Canon on Copying and Transmission

The Impact of Canon on Copying and Transmission

3m
The Copying Enterprise

The Copying Enterprise

4m
The Innovation of the Codex

The Innovation of the Codex

4m
Manuscript Types and Discoveries

Manuscript Types and Discoveries

3m
Papyri

Papyri

4m
Uncials and Sinaiticus

Uncials and Sinaiticus

5m
Using Textual Apparatuses in Logos

Using Textual Apparatuses in Logos

6m
Uncials: Alexandrinus

Uncials: Alexandrinus

2m
Viewing Codex Sinaiticus in Logos

Viewing Codex Sinaiticus in Logos

5m
Uncials: Vaticanus

Uncials: Vaticanus

1m
Uncials: Codex Bezae

Uncials: Codex Bezae

2m
Minuscules

Minuscules

2m
Lectionaries

Lectionaries

2m
Quotations from the Fathers

Quotations from the Fathers

2m
Searching for New Testament Citations in the Early Church Fathers

Searching for New Testament Citations in the Early Church Fathers

5m
Early Versions of the New Testament

Early Versions of the New Testament

3m
Archaeological Factors in Dating Manuscripts

Archaeological Factors in Dating Manuscripts

2m
Dating and the Forms of Manuscripts

Dating and the Forms of Manuscripts

1m
Dating and Paleography

Dating and Paleography

3m
Carbon-14 Dating

Carbon-14 Dating

1m
Manuscript Families

Manuscript Families

3m
Alexandrian Family

Alexandrian Family

2m

The History of the Text’s Transmission

Byzantine Family

Byzantine Family

2m
The Early Centuries (1st–4th)

The Early Centuries (1st–4th)

3m
The Byzantine Era (400–1516)

The Byzantine Era (400–1516)

4m
The “Received Text” (1516–1633)

The “Received Text” (1516–1633)

4m
Erasmus’ First Edition (1516)

Erasmus’ First Edition (1516)

2m
Erasmus’ First and Third Editions

Erasmus’ First and Third Editions

4m
Later Editions of Erasmus’ Text

Later Editions of Erasmus’ Text

3m
The Period of Critical Research (1633–1881)

The Period of Critical Research (1633–1881)

4m
Important Scholarly Work

Important Scholarly Work

4m
Westcott and Hort

Westcott and Hort

6m
Positive Reaction to Westcott and Hort

Positive Reaction to Westcott and Hort

2m
Negative Reaction to Westcott and Hort

Negative Reaction to Westcott and Hort

2m
H. von Soden’s Text (1913)

H. von Soden’s Text (1913)

1m
Eberhard Nestle (1898–1963)

Eberhard Nestle (1898–1963)

2m
UBS First Edition

UBS First Edition

2m
UBS Third Edition and Nestle-Aland Edition

UBS Third Edition and Nestle-Aland Edition

3m
Modern Majority Text Editions

Modern Majority Text Editions

1m
SBL Greek New Testament

SBL Greek New Testament

2m

The Impact of Textual History

Comparing Major Editions of the Greek New Testament

Comparing Major Editions of the Greek New Testament

4m
Pre-20th Century

Pre-20th Century

6m
Evaluating Modern Translations

Evaluating Modern Translations

3m
The American Standard Version

The American Standard Version

1m
The Revised Standard Version

The Revised Standard Version

2m
The New American Standard Bible

The New American Standard Bible

2m
The New International Version

The New International Version

2m
The New King James Version

The New King James Version

2m
The New Revised Standard Version

The New Revised Standard Version

2m
The New English Translation

The New English Translation

1m

Textual Criticism of the New Testament

The English Standard Version

The English Standard Version

2m
Preview of the Process

Preview of the Process

2m
Determining Variants

Determining Variants

1m
Gathering Evidence: The Specialist

Gathering Evidence: The Specialist

1m
Gathering Evidence: The Nonspecialist

Gathering Evidence: The Nonspecialist

1m
Using Digital Tools for Conducting Text-Critical Research

Using Digital Tools for Conducting Text-Critical Research

6m
Evaluating Evidence: Types of Variants

Evaluating Evidence: Types of Variants

1m
Unintentional Variants: Word Division

Unintentional Variants: Word Division

2m
Unintentional Variants: Letter Confusion

Unintentional Variants: Letter Confusion

1m
Unintentional Variants: Eye Skipping

Unintentional Variants: Eye Skipping

2m
Unintentional Variants: Haplography

Unintentional Variants: Haplography

1m
Unintentional Variants: Dittography

Unintentional Variants: Dittography

1m
Unintentional Variants: Transposition

Unintentional Variants: Transposition

1m
Unintentional Variants: Faulty Hearing

Unintentional Variants: Faulty Hearing

2m
Intentional Variants: Clarifying the Text

Intentional Variants: Clarifying the Text

2m
Intentional Variants: Conflation

Intentional Variants: Conflation

2m
Intentional Variants: Harmonization and Smoothing

Intentional Variants: Harmonization and Smoothing

1m
Evaluating Variants

Evaluating Variants

1m
Evaluating Variants: Internal Considerations

Evaluating Variants: Internal Considerations

2m
Evaluating Variants: External Considerations

Evaluating Variants: External Considerations

2m
Evaluating Variants: Logical Considerations

Evaluating Variants: Logical Considerations

2m
Investigating the “Johannine Comma” with Various Tools

Investigating the “Johannine Comma” with Various Tools

4m

The “King James Only” Controversy

Textual Criticism, Inspiration, and Inerrancy

Textual Criticism, Inspiration, and Inerrancy

2m
Preview of the Issue

Preview of the Issue

2m
The Merit Argument

The Merit Argument

2m
The Providence Argument

The Providence Argument

2m
The Satanic Argument

The Satanic Argument

1m
The Heresy Argument

The Heresy Argument

5m

Conclusion

A Personal Note

A Personal Note

1m
Course Summary

Course Summary

1m