OT291 The Jewish Trinity: How the Old Testament Reveals the Christian Godhead

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In this revealing course, Dr. Michael Heiser illuminates the Old Testament basis for the Christian Godhead. Dr. Heiser, academic editor at Logos Bible Software, reveals how God was cast as more than one person in the Old Testament, and how New Testament writers applied those descriptions to Jesus. Dive into Old Testament theology and powerful descriptions of God, and discover foundational truths for apologetics and Jewish evangelism. Dr. Heiser holds a PhD in Hebrew Bible and Semitic languages, making him an excellent Old Testament guide.

Introduction

Introducing the Speaker

Introducing the Speaker

1m

How Do I Respond to a Jewish Objection to the Christian Trinity?

Introducing the Course

Introducing the Course

2m
The Core Beliefs of Judaism

The Core Beliefs of Judaism

5m
Accessing and Using Hebrew Dictionaries

Accessing and Using Hebrew Dictionaries

8m
The First Problem with Understanding Monotheism

The First Problem with Understanding Monotheism

5m
Comparing English Translations with the Text Comparison Tool

Comparing English Translations with the Text Comparison Tool

7m
The Second Problem with Understanding Monotheism

The Second Problem with Understanding Monotheism

3m
Searching English Bibles for the Words of Christ

Searching English Bibles for the Words of Christ

7m

What Is Yahweh’s Council?

Understanding Elohim and the Implications for the Godhead

Understanding Elohim and the Implications for the Godhead

3m
The Divine Council in Psalm 82

The Divine Council in Psalm 82

5m
The Role of the Divine Council

The Role of the Divine Council

10m

Doesn’t the Old Testament Deny the Existence of Other Gods?

Using the NET Bible Notes to Find Manuscript Differences

Using the NET Bible Notes to Find Manuscript Differences

6m
No God Besides Yahweh

No God Besides Yahweh

6m
Searching for Different Forms of a Phrase from Isaiah 47:8

Searching for Different Forms of a Phrase from Isaiah 47:8

8m
The Logic of Idolatry in the Ancient World

The Logic of Idolatry in the Ancient World

5m
Idols in Psalm 115

Idols in Psalm 115

4m
Idols in 1 Corinthians 8

Idols in 1 Corinthians 8

7m
“Elemental Spirits” in Galatians 4

“Elemental Spirits” in Galatians 4

6m

Aren’t the Host of Heaven Just Celestial Objects rather than Actual Beings?

Using the BDAG Greek Lexicon to Determine a Word’s Meaning

Using the BDAG Greek Lexicon to Determine a Word’s Meaning

10m
The “Host of Heaven” in the Old Testament

The “Host of Heaven” in the Old Testament

5m

What Other Being Was Identified with Yahweh?

Summary of Divine Plurality in the Old Testament

Summary of Divine Plurality in the Old Testament

2m
The Godhead in Ancient Judaism

The Godhead in Ancient Judaism

4m
The Biblical Evidence for Two Powers in Heaven

The Biblical Evidence for Two Powers in Heaven

5m
The Second Yahweh of the Old Testament

The Second Yahweh of the Old Testament

14m
Yahweh and the Angel of Yahweh

Yahweh and the Angel of Yahweh

6m
Yahweh and “The Word”

Yahweh and “The Word”

6m

Did Jews Really Believe in Two Powers?

Yahweh and the “Cloud Rider”

Yahweh and the “Cloud Rider”

9m
The Jewish Belief in a Second Yahweh Figure

The Jewish Belief in a Second Yahweh Figure

1m
Jewish Interpretations of the Second Power: Exalted Humans

Jewish Interpretations of the Second Power: Exalted Humans

11m
Jewish Interpretations of the Second Power: Important Angels

Jewish Interpretations of the Second Power: Important Angels

9m
Finding and Understanding Early Jewish Writings

Finding and Understanding Early Jewish Writings

10m

How Did the New Testament Writers Understand the Second Yahweh Figure?

Jewish Interpretations of the Second Power: The Logos

Jewish Interpretations of the Second Power: The Logos

4m
The Second Yahweh and “The Word”

The Second Yahweh and “The Word”

4m
The Second Yahweh and “The Angel”

The Second Yahweh and “The Angel”

2m
The Second Yahweh and “The Name”

The Second Yahweh and “The Name”

3m
Finding where “The Name” Refers to God

Finding where “The Name” Refers to God

7m
The Second Yahweh and the “Rider on the Clouds”

The Second Yahweh and the “Rider on the Clouds”

4m

How Does the Language of Divine Plurality Relate to Jesus as God’s “Only Begotten” Son?

Jesus as the Second Yahweh

Jesus as the Second Yahweh

2m
Jesus as God’s “Only Begotten” Son

Jesus as God’s “Only Begotten” Son

2m
Understanding the Greek Term Monogenēs

Understanding the Greek Term Monogenēs

3m

How Did New Testament Writers Express Belief that Jesus Was Unique among the Sons of God?

Using the Bible Word Study to Explore the Meaning of Monogenēs

Using the Bible Word Study to Explore the Meaning of Monogenēs

10m
Review of Divine Plurality in Psalm 82

Review of Divine Plurality in Psalm 82

3m
Jesus’ Quotation of Psalm 82:6 in John 10:34

Jesus’ Quotation of Psalm 82:6 in John 10:34

4m
Interpreting Psalm 82:6 in John 10:34 (Part One)

Interpreting Psalm 82:6 in John 10:34 (Part One)

6m
Interpreting Psalm 82:6 in John 10:34 (Part Two)

Interpreting Psalm 82:6 in John 10:34 (Part Two)

5m
Creating Collections of Commentaries to Study Psalm 82

Creating Collections of Commentaries to Study Psalm 82

10m

Can Seeds of a Christian Trinity Be Found in the Old Testament?

Understanding Jesus’ Use of Psalm 82:6 in John 10:34

Understanding Jesus’ Use of Psalm 82:6 in John 10:34

6m
Seeds of a Christian Trinity in Isaiah 63 and Psalm 78

Seeds of a Christian Trinity in Isaiah 63 and Psalm 78

6m
Seeds of a Christian Trinity in Ezekiel 8

Seeds of a Christian Trinity in Ezekiel 8

3m
New Testament Use of Old Testament Godhead Language

New Testament Use of Old Testament Godhead Language

6m

How Does an Old Testament Godhead Address the Claims of Other Religions?

Summary of Old Testament Godhead Language

Summary of Old Testament Godhead Language

1m
The Old Testament Godhead and Jehovah’s Witnesses

The Old Testament Godhead and Jehovah’s Witnesses

3m
The Old Testament Godhead and Mormonism

The Old Testament Godhead and Mormonism

5m
The Old Testament Godhead and Academic Skepticism

The Old Testament Godhead and Academic Skepticism

3m

Conclusion

The Old Testament Godhead and Jewish Evangelism

The Old Testament Godhead and Jewish Evangelism

4m
Summary of the Course

Summary of the Course

2m